Modern skyscraper with glass facade in Boston, USA


Investing in real estate has long been considered a stable and reliable means of building wealth. One of the primary reasons high-priced real estate is considered a safe asset is its tangibility. Unlike stocks or bonds, which are essentially paper assets, real estate provides investors with a physical and tangible asset that they can see and touch. This tangibility offers a sense of security that is particularly appealing during times of economic uncertainty. Real estate properties, whether residential or commercial, are solid investments that exist in the real world, which can be reassuring when financial markets become volatile.

Historical Performance and Resilience

Real estate has demonstrated a remarkable ability to withstand economic downturns and market volatility. The value of property tends to appreciate over time, providing investors with long-term capital gains. Unlike stocks and bonds, real estate is less susceptible to daily market fluctuations, offering a level of predictability and security. The resilience of real estate is also evident during periods of inflation, where property values and rental incomes tend to rise, helping to preserve the purchasing power of the investment.

Income Generation and Cash Flow

One of the appealing aspects of real estate investment is its potential to generate steady income through rental yields. Owning rental properties provides investors with a consistent cash flow, which can be particularly beneficial during retirement or as a supplementary income source. The ability to increase rents over time also contributes to the attractiveness of real estate as an inflation-hedged asset.  

Real estate investors also benefit from various tax incentives that enhance cash flows. In addition to tax deductible cash outlays for mortgage interest, property tax and other operating expenses, real estate allows for a non-cash deduction through depreciation of the property. Depreciation provides a deduction for the value of the asset while the same asset can appreciate in value over time.

Leverage and Appreciation

The ability to leverage is a distinct characteristic of real estate investment, allowing investors to control a large asset with a relatively small amount of capital. Leveraging in real estate refers to borrowing money (usually in the form of a mortgage or other loans) to purchase an investment property. When you use leverage, you amplify your potential returns because you’re investing with borrowed funds. 

If you invest in real estate and the property’s value appreciates over time, your equity in the property also increases. The appreciation can potentially outpace the interest costs on your debt, making your property more valuable in real terms.

Diversification and Risk Mitigation

Adding real estate to an investment portfolio provides diversification benefits, helping to reduce overall risk. The low correlation between real estate and other asset classes, such as stocks and bonds, means that property investments can act as a buffer during market downturns, preserving capital and providing stability.

While real estate is generally considered a stable investment, it is not without its risks. Market conditions, location, property management, and liquidity issues can impact the performance of a real estate investment. To mitigate these risks, investors should always look to diversify their real estate holdings to varied asset classes and geographical areas and always keep on top of regulatory, environmental and tax changes in the areas where property is located.


The stability of real estate as an asset class is underpinned by its tangible nature, historical resilience, cash generation, appreciation potential, and diversification benefits. While it is imperative for investors to be cognizant of the associated risks, strategic planning and informed decision-making can enhance the stability and profitability of real estate investments. Whether for wealth preservation, income generation, or capital appreciation, real estate remains a compelling choice for investors seeking a balanced and resilient portfolio.

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Voss Real Estate Advisors

December 6, 2023

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